Training course  /  February 20, 2023  -  February 22, 2023, start at 1:30 p.m. on February 20, end at 2:00 p.m. on February 22 (CET)

Training course: In-silico toxicology

Face-to-face training course (two half days, one full day, lunch-to-lunch)

Training topic

This training course will introduce the participants to different in-silico approaches for estimation of human health toxicological endpoints, namely QSAR models, read-across, and the TTC (threshold of toxicological concern) concept. The training will also outline the basic principles of physiologically based kinetic (PBK) modeling, whereas the application of in-silico approaches in ecotoxicology will not be addressed in this course. 


The course will include demonstrations and explanations of currently available predictive toxicology models, such as Derek, VEGA, Toxtree, U.S. EPA T.E.S.T, Opera, and modules available in the OECD QSAR Application Toolbox. Participants will learn the difference between statistical models and models based on structural alerts. Strengths and weaknesses of individual modeling approaches will be explained. Model applicability domain and quality issues related to predictions of specific substances (or classes of substances) will be made intuitively understandable. Sampling the underlying databases, looking for toxicologically relevant analogues and subsequently validating a model for a specific type of substance will be illustrated using the OECD QSAR Application Toolbox.

A focus will be on the interpretation of QSAR results and their reliability, whereas the derivation or application of different QSAR models will not be at the focus of this training.


Read-across, the general principles of similarity, and the different steps of the evaluation will be explained. Recent guidance documents such as the RAAF (ECHA 2015) will be taken into account. Based on read-across examples, participants will learn about the difficulties in the definition of source compounds and the assessment of uncertainty. New concepts such as the support of read-across by in-vitro or in-silico approaches will be outlined showing examples e.g. from the EU-ToxRisk project.

Threshold of toxicological concern (TTC) 

Application of the TTC concept will be explained: its use and limitations in the absence of experimental data. Special attention will be given to frequent application errors such as the consideration of exclusion criteria, application to infants etc. The recently developed EFSA guidance will be used for the training.

PBK modeling 

Participants will be introduced to the basic principles of PBK modeling, distinguishing bottom-up from top-down approaches. In addition, frequently made assumptions will be outlined as well as the role of sensitivity and uncertainty analyses.

Organizational details

This training course will be held at Fraunhofer ITEM. It consists of several sessions, each a mixture of lectures, discussion and hands-on sessions. Participants will get an overview of the possibilities of reproducing/validating model predictions provided in dossiers in order to evaluate their usefulness for risk and hazard assessment. Hands-on exercises on cases dealing with prioritization of potentially carcinogenic substances (both genotoxic and non-genotoxic) and TTC concepts will give participants a clear idea of the possibilities and difficulties of applying predictive methods in (regulatory) toxicology.

During the training, participants will use their own laptop/desktop computer with the OECD QSAR Toolbox, VEGA and Toxtree software installed in advance, and some of the hands-on examples will make use of this software.